© National Portrait Gallery, London
Members of the Dalziel family
by Kosmos Click on the links below to find out more
albumen cabinet card, 1880s
5 3/8 in. x 4 in. (136 mm x 101 mm) image size
acquired Dalziel Collection, 1977
- Edward Dalziel (1817-1905), Draughtsman and wood-engraver. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- E. Gilbert Dalziel (1853-1930), Wood engraver, artist and editor; son of Edward Dalziel. Sitter in 6 portraits.
The Brothers Dalziel remained a dominant force in the industry until mounting debts and the rise of photomechanical processes for reproduction forced the wood-engraving business to close in 1893. However, Edward Dalziel's sons, in particular, ensured the family business continued for at least a second generation. Gilbert Dalziel worked on the family's comic papers as editor of Fun, Judy and Ally Sloper's Half Holiday. He also preserved the family's future reputation with the sale of the firm's entire working archive of about 54,000 impressions to the British Museum in 1912, and through his contributions to Forrest Reid's book Illustrators of the 1860s (1928). Meanwhile, Harvey Robert Dalziel (b.1855) and Charles Davison Dalziel (b.1857) continued the Camden Press as Dalziel & Co until it closed in 1905.
The Liberals defeat the Conservatives, and Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the second time, taking over from Disraeli, who retires from politics.The MP for Northampton and atheist Charles Bradlaugh, refuses to swear on the Bible and so forfeits his right to take his seat. Despite having the support of Gladstone and J.S Mill, it takes six years before he can take his seat, after which he pushes through a new Oaths Act (1888).
Art and science
Thomas Huxley delivers his address 'Science and Culture' at the opening of Josiah Mason's science college in Birmingham (published the following year). Huxley argues that the study of modern literature, combined with knowledge of science, should be promoted in education above classical literature, echoing the claim made by the poet and critic Matthew Arnold. Huxley, an early advocate of 'Darwinism', did much to popularise evolutionary theory.
Buenos Aires finally becomes the permanent capital of Argentina, following sixty years of political debates around the issue. The city was federalised, politically separated from the Buenos Aires Province, and placed under direct control of the national government. Despite allegations of vote buying, Cecil Rhodes is elected member of parliament for Barkly West in the Cape Colony, marking the start of his political career in South Africa.