© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir William Herschel ('Gulielmus Herschel LL.D : RSS')
by Thomas Ryder, published by S. Watts, after Lemuel Francis Abbott Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 11 February 1788 (1785)
10 3/4 in. x 7 3/8 in. (274 mm x 187 mm) plate size; 15 1/4 in. x 11 1/8 in. (386 mm x 282 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Lemuel Francis Abbott (circa 1760-1802), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 77 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Thomas Ryder (1746-1810). Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- S. Watts (active 1783-1789), Publisher. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- NPG 98: Sir William Herschel (after)
- NPG D14425: Sir William Herschel ('Gulielmus Herschel LL.D : RSS') (from same plate)
Parliament begins an investigation into the slave trade, led by reformers Thomas Clarkson and William Wilberforce.Regency Crisis; George III's madness is announced provoking a political storm. Former Governor-General of Bengal Warren Hastings' trial begins before the House of Lords.Henry Benedict Stuart becomes the new Stuart claimant to the British throne.
Art and science
Artist Thomas Gainsborough dies. First edition of The Times
newspaper is published in London.Scottish engineer and inventor William Symington demonstrates the first paddle steamer on Dalswinton Loch near Dumfries.Robert Burns writes his version of the Scots poem Auld Lang Syne
Ministers of the French King, Louis XVI, reluctantly announce that the Estates General will meet the following year, for the first time since 1614. United States constitution comes into force when New Hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify it. First Fleet reaches Australia, anchoring in Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip, selecting a suitable site for the first Australian penal colony, names the place Sydney Cove.