© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir William Herschel
by Edward Scriven, published by Charles Knight, after John Russell Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, early 19th century
11 3/8 in. x 7 3/4 in. (290 mm x 198 mm) plate size; 14 1/4 in. x 10 1/8 in. (363 mm x 258 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Charles Knight (1791-1873), Writer and publisher. Artist associated with 9 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- John Russell (1745-1806), Portrait painter and pastellist. Artist associated with 102 portraits, Sitter associated with 6 portraits.
- Edward Scriven (1775-1841), Engraver. Artist associated with 208 portraits.
- NPG D10583: Sir William Herschel (from same plate)
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
Lord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.