© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Law Hodges
by James Scott, printed by T. Brooker, after Sir George Hayter Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1870s
20 1/2 in. x 15 3/8 in. (520 mm x 392 mm) plate size; 26 3/8 in. x 20 1/8 in. (671 mm x 511 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1951
- Thomas Law Hodges (1776-1857), Liberal politician; MP for Kent West. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- T. Brooker (active 1855-1879), Printer. Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- Sir George Hayter (1792-1871), Portrait and history painter; son of Charles Hayter. Artist associated with 198 portraits, Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- James Scott (circa 1809-circa 1889), Engraver. Artist associated with 132 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
William Edward Forster's Education Act is passed, making provisions for education for all under-13s. It demonstrated the balance in Gladstone's first ministry between progressive reform and conservativism by spreading literacy, whilst maintaining the status of Church schools. The Married Women's Property Act gives wives rights over their own earnings.
Art and science
The Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's fantasy-overture Romeo and Juliet
, based on Shakespeare's play and written with the aid of composer Mily Balakirev, debuts in Moscow, conducted by Nikolai Rubenstein. W. G. Grace becomes cricket captain of Gloucestershire, marking the start of a successful decade for the club in which they won three 'Champion County' titles.
Isaac Butt, an Irish MP at Westminster, forms the Home Rule Association.The Franco-Prussian war breaks out between France and a coalition of German states led by Prussia. Provoked by the candidacy of German Prince Leopold Hohenzollen-Sigmaringen for the Spanish throne, France declared war in July after Bismark published the deliberately provocative Ems telegraph, in which the French were represented in an offensive light on the issue.