© National Portrait Gallery, London
Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood
by William Greatbach, published by Richard Bentley, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
line and stipple engraving, published 1836 (1783)
9 in. x 6 in. (230 mm x 153 mm) plate size; 17 1/4 in. x 11 3/4 in. (437 mm x 300 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1958
- Richard Bentley (1794-1871), Printer and publisher. Artist associated with 62 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- William Greatbach (1802-1885), Engraver and illustrator. Artist associated with 40 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- NPG D35953: Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood (based on same portrait)
William Lovett founds the Working Men's Association, the precursor to Chartism, with the aim to achieving equal social and political rights between men of all classes. A reduction in stamp duty from 4d to 1d helps to keep unstamped newspapers off the street, and leads to wider circulation of legal newspapers. The first railway line is built in London, connecting to Greenwich and operated by the London Greenwich Railway (LGR).
Art and science
The American poet and writer Ralph Waldo Emerson outlines his theory of transcendentalism in Nature
, in which he argues for individualism above traditional authority, stressing the infinitude of the private self and the possibility of achieving an original relation to the universe. The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer publishes On the Will in Nature
, a precursor to his famous The World as Will and Representation
Texas declares its independence from Mexico following a series of battles, including those at the Alamo and Goliad. Sam Houston is the first president of Texas, serving both in 1836-38 and 1841-44. The city of Adelaide is founded in Australia, at the mouth of the Torrens river, named in honour of Queen Adelaide, consort of William IV.