© National Portrait Gallery, London
Alice (née Sherrard), Lady Brownlow
by John Smith, published by Edward Cooper, after William Wissing Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1685 (1685)
16 3/8 in. x 10 in. (416 mm x 255 mm) trimmed to plate size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Edward Cooper (died 1725), Printseller. Artist associated with 169 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- William Wissing (1656-1687), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 146 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D11529: Queen Anne when Princess of Denmark (from same plate)
- NPG D11560: Alice (née Sherrard), Lady Brownlow (from same plate)
- NPG D32241: Alice (née Sherrard), Lady Brownlow (from same plate)
Charles II dies, his heir, Catholic brother, James II, succeeds to the throne. Despite deep distrust by many Protestants, he initially experiences unexpected popularity. James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, leads the Monmouth Rebellion ambitious to seize the throne. Following his defeat at Sedgemoor, Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill.
Art and scienceOpera Universa
, by physician Thomas Sydenham, considered the father of English medicine, is published in London. Organist, Henry Purcell composes, My heart is inditing
, for the coronation of James II and his queen, Mary of Modena. Writer on dentistry, Charles Allen publishes the earliest known English book on dentistry.
The Edict of Fontainebleau is issued by Louis XIV revoking the Edict of Nantes which gave Huguenots a right to practice their religion, free from persecution. Although Huguenots had steadily left France since the Dragonnades in 1681, this edict essentially ended official religious toleration in France.