© National Portrait Gallery, London
Dorothy Spencer (née Sidney), Countess of Sunderland
by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, mid 17th century
13 7/8 in. x 9 5/8 in. (354 mm x 245 mm) paper size
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- Pierre Lombart (1612 or 1613-1682), Engraver. Artist associated with 132 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D10891: Dorothy Spencer (née Sidney), Countess of Sunderland (from same plate)
- NPG D10901: Dorothy Spencer (née Sidney), Countess of Sunderland (from same plate)
Second Bishops' War. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, leading the Scottish armies, occupies northeast of England. Defeat at the Battle of Newburn forces impoverished Charles to sign Treaty of Ripon. Long Parliament. Habeas Corpus Act is passed, abolishing the Star Chamber. Impeachment of Royalists, Earl of Strafford and Archbishop Laud.
Art and science
Author, James Howell, writes Dodona's Grove
, a historical allegory of events since 1603. A renowned royalist, Howell's anti-parliamentary remarks in the book would later attract accusations from parliamentarians. The last Caroline masque before the outbreak of civil war, Salmacida Spolia
by Sir William Davenant, is performed at Whitehall Palace.
Frederick William becomes Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. The Elector's policy of religious tolerance benefited his state during the religious struggles dominating the Thirty Years' War. The Bay Psalm Book
is published, the first book to be printed in British North America.