© National Portrait Gallery, London
Edward Boscawen, 1st Earl of Falmouth
by John Porter, published by Colnaghi and Puckle, after Henry Perronet Briggs Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 8 November 1842
15 1/8 in. x 11 5/8 in. (384 mm x 294 mm) plate size; 22 1/4 in. x 16 1/2 in. (566 mm x 420 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Henry Perronet Briggs (1791-1844), Antiquary and subject painter. Artist associated with 54 portraits.
- Colnaghi and Puckle (active 1839-1845), Printsellers and publishers. Artist associated with 56 portraits.
- John Porter (active 1820-1850), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 19 portraits.
- NPG D16134: Edward Boscawen, 1st Earl of Falmouth (from same plate)
Edwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor
, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues.A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.
Art and science
Mudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor.Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.
Treaty of Nanjing, which allows China to trade with Britain and lends Hong Kong to the British crown for 150 years. In Afghanistan, the Anglo-Afghan war ends as the British abandon Kabul, withdrawing to India and losing most of their garrison force in the operation with only one member, Dr William Brydon, surviving.