© National Portrait Gallery, London
Tom Johnson (Thomas Jackling); Isaac Perrins
by Joseph Grozer, published by William Richardson, after Conrad Martin Metz Click on the links below to find out more
soft-ground etching, published 5 November 1789
10 5/8 in. x 13 1/2 in. (271 mm x 343 mm) plate size; 13 1/4 in. x 16 3/8 in. (336 mm x 415 mm) paper size
Given by Edward Rawdon-Smith, 1952
- Joseph Grozer (circa 1755-1798), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 27 portraits.
- Conrad Martin Metz (1749-1827), Engraver, painter and draughtsman. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- William Richardson (active 1777-1814), Bookseller, printseller and auctioneer. Artist associated with 395 portraits.
George III recovers from the previous year's illness. The 'Regency Crisis' and attendant political wrangling between the Tory Prime Minister William Pitt and the pro-Whig Prince of Wales end. Dismissed as a 'bilious attack', George's sickness was in fact the first sign of the mental health problems which led to the Prince of Wales's appointment as Regent in 1811.
Art and science
John Boydell's ambitious new Shakespeare Gallery opens in Pall Mall, displaying works by Britain's leading artists and attempting to combine urban entertainment with the promotion of British history painting. Philosopher Jeremy Bentham publishes An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
, outlining his 'greatest happiness principle'.
George Washington is elected first President of the United States.The French Revolution begins. The storming of the Bastille on the 14 July marks the overthrow of the absolute monarchy in France. The uprising followed the establishment of a governing National Assembly of the people's representatives.