© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Bernard Shaw
by Clare Winsten (Clara Birnberg) Click on the links below to find out more
pencil on paper laid on board, 1949
12 in. x 9 7/8 in. (305 mm x 251 mm)
Given by Rupert James Edward Youle in memory of his grandfather, Richard David Joshua of Llangoedmor, 2009
- George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), Playwright. Sitter in 145 portraits, Artist associated with 8 portraits.
Following the Republic of Ireland Act in 1948, the Irish Free State becomes the Republic of Ireland and leaves the Commonwealth. The functions previously given to the King were handed to the President of Ireland.The Second Parliament Act diminishes the power of the House of Lords, reducing their authority to delay bills from two years to one.
Art and science
George Orwell publishes his dystopian novel, 1984
. The book imagines a future where totalitarian governments rule; their power based on continual war abroad, and overwhelming propaganda and surveillance at home. With 'Big Brother' keeping a constant check on the citizens' actions and thoughts, the individual looses the faculties of free will and independent thought.
The People's Republic of China is created after the Communist Party wins the Civil War. China became a communist country under Mao Zedong.Cold War tensions increase as Germany is split into the democratic Federal Republic of Germany in the west (a union of the post-war British, French and American sectors), and the communist German Democratic Republic, in the east.