© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Ernst Morace, published by Johann Friedrich Frauenholz, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, early 19th century (circa 1777-1778)
14 5/8 in. x 11 1/2 in. (371 mm x 291 mm) plate size; 15 1/4 in. x 12 in. (387 mm x 304 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1960
- Angelica Kauffmann (1741-1807), Painter. Sitter in 9 portraits, Artist associated with 21 portraits.
- Johann Friedrich Frauenholz (1758-after 1822), Art dealer and publisher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Ernst Morace (1766-1820), Copperplate engraver. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- NPG D36751: Angelica Kauffmann (based on same portrait)
- NPG D14701: Angelica Kauffmann (based on same portrait)
- Place made: Germany (Nuremberg, Germany)
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
Lord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.