© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Thomson, Baron Kelvin
by Thomas Hamilton Crawford, after Sir Hubert von Herkomer Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint printed in colours, (1891)
11 5/8 in. x 8 5/8 in. (294 mm x 220 mm) plate size; 18 7/8 in. x 15 in. (478 mm x 381 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1965
- Thomas Hamilton Crawford (1860-1948), Painter of architectural, urban settings and mezzotint portrait engraver. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- Sir Hubert von Herkomer (1849-1914), Painter and illustrator. Artist associated with 47 portraits, Sitter in 11 portraits.
The Irish Nationalist leader Charles Parnell is forced to resign after being named in the divorce proceedings brought by William O'Shea against his wife Kitty, who had been Parnell's mistress for a decade. The scandal severely damages the campaign for the Home Rule Bill, contributing greatly to its subsequent failure. Parnell's health also suffered; he contracted rheumatic fever and died a few months after resigning.
Art and science
Thomas Hardy's publishes Tess of the D'Urbervilles
, a tragedy which explores the consequences of the young Tess's seduction by the wealthy Alec D'Urberville. In the novel, Hardy sets forward his major concerns about the individual's powerlessness before fate, whilst radically critiquing the hypocritical double standards of contemporary morals.
The construction of Trans-Siberian railway, the longest single rail system in Russia, begins in the Urals and at Vladivostock. Running between Moscow and Vladivostock, work was completed in 1917. The German aviation pioneer Otto Lilenthal takes off in the first glider from a hill near Potsdam, the first of many guided flights and an important step in the development of aerial technology.