© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Glynn; John Wilkes; John Horne Tooke
by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, published by John Smith of Cheapside Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1769
11 3/4 in. x 15 1/8 in. (298 mm x 384 mm) paper size
- John Glynn (1722-1779), Lawyer and politician; MP for Middlesex. Sitter associated with 2 portraits.
- John Horne Tooke (1736-1812), Radical politician; MP and philologist. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
- John Wilkes (1725-1797), Journalist, agitator and politician; MP for Aylesbury and Middlesex. Sitter associated with 49 portraits, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Richard Houston (1721 or 1722-1775), Engraver. Artist associated with 189 portraits.
- Robert Sayer (1724 or 1725-1794), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 196 portraits.
- John Smith of Cheapside (active 1750-1792), Map and printseller. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
- NPG 1944: John Glynn, John Wilkes and John Horne Tooke (source portrait)
Radical John Wilkes is expelled from Parliament once again, on the grounds that he was an outlaw when he was voted in. He is re-elected by his Middlesex constituents, then expelled and re-elected twice more, until Parliament declares his opponent, Henry Luttrell, the winner.First of 69 anonymous Letters of Junius
appears in the Public Advertiser
, exposing political corruption. The politician Sir Philip Francis is now believed to have been responsible.
Art and science
Josiah Wedgwood opens his Etruria Works for the manufacture of pottery.Inventor Richard Arkwright patents a spinning frame able to weave fabric mechanically.Gordon's London Dry Gin is produced for the first time. First Royal Academy exhibition is held. Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage
is first published.
Captain Cook observes the transit of Venus in Tahiti while his passengers, Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, collect valuable specimens of Pacific flora. The expedition travels on to New Zealand where Cook begins charting the country's entire coastline. Treaty of Madras ends the First Anglo-Mysore War but fails to settle dispute.French inventor Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot tests a steam wagon, probably the first working mechanical vehicle.