© reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi
by Frank Thurston Click on the links below to find out more
toned bromide print, 1988
11 1/2 in. x 15 3/8 in. (293 mm x 392 mm)
acquired, 1999 in conjunction with Faces of the Century
- Faces of the Century, 1999 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 22 October 1999 to 30 January 2000), p. 18
A Pan Am jumbo jet is brought down by a bomb over Lockerbie in Scotland, killing 259 passengers and 11 people on the ground. The Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary launched Britain's largest criminal investigation before convicting a Libyan intelligence officer of planting the bomb.
Art and science
Professor Stephen Hawking publishes his popular book on cosmology, A Brief History Of Time
.Damien Hirst and his fellow Goldsmiths students organise the exhibition Freeze
in a disused block in the Docklands. The exhibition launched the careers of many of the young British artists (YBAs) associated with Brit Art including Gary Hume, Michael Landy, Sarah Lucas, Angus Fairhurst, and Anya Gallaccio.
Iraq drops poison gas on the Iraqi Kurdish city of Halabja, killing thousands of civilians. The city was held at the time by Iranian forces and Iraqi Kurdish rebels, although there was initially some debate over which side was responsible for the atrocity. It was the largest-scale chemical attack on civilians in modern times.