© National Portrait Gallery, London
by James Fittler, published by James Milbourne, published by John Brydon, after William Hamilton Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published November 1788 (1788)
16 1/8 in. x 12 1/4 in. (409 mm x 311 mm) plate size; 21 3/8 in. x 16 in. (544 mm x 407 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1868
- John Wesley (1703-1791), Methodist leader. Sitter in 30 portraits.
- John Brydon (active 1783-1804), Printseller. Artist associated with 11 portraits.
- James Fittler (1758-1835), Engraver. Artist associated with 31 portraits.
- William Hamilton (1751-1801), History painter. Artist associated with 12 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
- James Milbourne (circa 1745-1826), Carver and gilder. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
Parliament begins an investigation into the slave trade, led by reformers Thomas Clarkson and William Wilberforce.Regency Crisis; George III's madness is announced provoking a political storm. Former Governor-General of Bengal Warren Hastings' trial begins before the House of Lords.Henry Benedict Stuart becomes the new Stuart claimant to the British throne.
Art and science
Artist Thomas Gainsborough dies. First edition of The Times
newspaper is published in London.Scottish engineer and inventor William Symington demonstrates the first paddle steamer on Dalswinton Loch near Dumfries.Robert Burns writes his version of the Scots poem Auld Lang Syne
Ministers of the French King, Louis XVI, reluctantly announce that the Estates General will meet the following year, for the first time since 1614. United States constitution comes into force when New Hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify it. First Fleet reaches Australia, anchoring in Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip, selecting a suitable site for the first Australian penal colony, names the place Sydney Cove.