© National Portrait Gallery, London
by George Charles Beresford Click on the links below to find out more
sepia-toned platinotype, 1 November 1916
6 in. x 4 1/8 in. (151 mm x 106 mm)
- Sir Jacob Epstein (1880-1959), Sculptor. Sitter in 68 portraits, Artist of 14 portraits.
As war drags on with heavy losses, the Prime Minister David Lloyd George introduces conscription with the Military Service Act. Conscientious objectors who refused to fight were compelled to do non-military war work, and some were jailed.British Summer Time is introduced, putting the clocks forward an hour during the summer in order to capitalise on daylight hours.
Art and science
C. Hubert H. Parry sets William Blake's poem, Jerusalem
, to music popularising the poem and tune as a patriotic English anthem. On hearing Edward Elgar's orchestrated version in 1922, King George V suggested that it replace God Save the King
as the National Anthem.
The Irish Citizen Army starts a Nationalist rebellion in Dublin: The Easter Rising.Massive losses are suffered on the Western Front at the battles of the Somme and Verdun.The Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire (1916-18) led by Prince Faisal is assisted by T.E. Lawrence, who became known as Lawrence of Arabia.