© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir John Fortescue
by Robert Graves, after William Faithorne Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, mid 19th century
8 3/4 in. x 6 5/8 in. (221 mm x 168 mm) plate size; 19 3/4 in. x 13 3/8 in. (503 mm x 340 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1959
- Sir John Fortescue (circa 1397-1479), Justice and political theorist. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
- Robert Graves (1798-1873), Line engraver. Artist associated with 34 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
George IV dies at Windsor on 26 June; William IV succeeds to the throne.Duke of Wellington resigns as Prime Minister to be succeeded by Earl Grey.'Captain Swing' disturbances among agricultural districts in southern England. Taking their name from a mythical leader, hundreds of labourers break the threshing machines that threaten their winter employment.
Art and science
Liverpool and Manchester Railway opens; MP William Huskisson is run down by a train and killed at the inaugural ceremony.William Cobbett publishes Rural Rides
; a nostalgic tribute to the English countryside which expresses dismay at the sweeping changes taking place.
July Revolution in France overthrows the Bourbon dynasty. Charles X goes into exile in England and Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans is proclaimed King by the Chamber of Deputies who fear European opposition to the declaration of a second Republic.