© National Portrait Gallery, London
Lord Bernard Stuart; Lord John Stuart
after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1683 (circa 1638)
16 3/8 in. x 10 5/8 in. (416 mm x 270 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Lord Bernard Stuart (1622-1645), 'Earl of Lichfield' and royalist Army Officer. Sitter associated with 13 portraits.
- Lord John Stuart (1621-1644), Soldier; son of 3rd Duke of Lennox; brother of Lord Bernard Stuart. Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- NPG D26617: Lord John Stuart; Lord Bernard Stuart (from same plate)
- NPG D13176: Lord Bernard Stuart; Lord John Stuart (from same plate)
- NPG D37326: Lord John Stuart; Lord Bernard Stuart (from same plate)
- NPG D42096: Lord John Stuart; Lord Bernard Stuart (from same plate)
Rye House Plot, a conspiracy to murder the king and his heir, James, Duke of York, is leaked to the government by minor conspirator, Josiah Keeling. Arrests follow; some conspirators are executed, others pardoned while several flee the country. Worst ever recorded frost in England freezes the Thames.
Art and science
England's first public museum, the Ashmolean Museum, is opened by Oxford University to house a substantial collection donated by the Antiquary, Elias Ashmole.
Financial constraints forces Charles II to decide to relinquish Tangiers, an English possession since 1661, unable to continue its defence against the Moors. Admiral, George Legge, Baron Dartmouth, is commissioned to oversee the port's demolition. Diarist, Samuel Pepys accompanies Dartmouth as his secretary during the expedition.