© National Portrait Gallery, London
Charles William Vane-Stewart, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry
by William Henry Simmons, after Sir Thomas Lawrence Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1841 (1812)
9 5/8 in. x 7 3/8 in. (243 mm x 187 mm) plate size; 14 3/4 in. x 11 1/8 in. (375 mm x 282 mm) paper size
Given by Ernest Swain, 1898
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
- William Henry Simmons (1811-1882), Engraver. Artist associated with 14 portraits.
- NPG D3609: Charles William Vane-Stewart, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (from same plate)
- NPG 6171: Charles William Vane-Stewart, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (after)
- NPG D37415: Charles William Vane-Stewart, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (from same plate)
Sir Robert Peel's second term as Prime Minister. Peel replaces the Whig Prime Minister Lord Melbourne after a Conservative general election victory. The English comic periodical Punch
is first published, under the auspices of engraver Ebenezer Landells and writer Henry Mayhew, and quickly establishes itself as a radical commentary on the arts, politics and current affairs, notable for its heavily satirised cartoons.
Art and science
Thomas Carlyle publishes his set of lectures On Heroes and Hero Worship
, in which he attempts to connect past heroic figures to significant figures form the present. William Henry Fox Talbot invents the calotype process, in which photographs were developed from negatives. This allowed for multiple copies of images to be made, and was the basis of modern, pre-digital, photographic processing.
Signing of the Straits Convention, an international agreement between Britain, France, Prussia, Austria, Russia and Turkey, denying access to non-Ottoman warships through the seas connecting the Mediterranean and the Black Seas, a major concession by Russia. Whilst signalling a spirit of co-operation, the convention emphasises the decline of the Ottoman Empire.