© National Portrait Gallery, London
Simon Fraser, 11th Baron Lovat
by Thomas Cook, published by George, George and John Robinson, after William Hogarth Click on the links below to find out more
etching, published 1 December 1800 (1746)
14 5/8 in. x 9 5/8 in. (372 mm x 244 mm) plate size; 21 in. x 15 1/4 in. (532 mm x 386 mm) paper size
Given by A.C. Potter Esq, 1936
- Thomas Cook (1744 or 1745?-1818), Printmaker. Artist associated with 36 portraits.
- William Hogarth (1697-1764), Painter and engraver. Artist associated with 127 portraits, Sitter associated with 19 portraits.
- George, George and John Robinson (active 1794-1801), Booksellers. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
Lord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.