© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland
by James Macardell, after Jean Etienne Liotard Click on the links below to find out more
13 7/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (354 mm x 252 mm) plate size; 14 1/8 in. x 10 1/8 in. (359 mm x 258 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1952
- Jean Etienne Liotard (1702-1789), Painter. Artist associated with 23 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- James Macardell (1727 or 1728-1765), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 291 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D18740: Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland (from same plate)
Death of the Prime Minister Henry Pelham. He is succeeded by his brother Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle. General election increases the Whig party's majority
Art and science
Scottish chemist Joseph Black identifies carbon dioxide. Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufacture and Commerce (Society of Arts) is established in London. Designer and cabinet-maker Thomas Chippendale publishes his first catalogue of furniture. Philosopher David Hume's expansive and best-selling six-volume History of Great Britain
Albany Congress: the British colonies negotiate with the native-American Iroquois in the face of the French threat in the Ohio valley. Benjamin Franklin proposes that the colonies should unite to form a colonial government. The pro-union woodcut he publishes of a snake cut into eight pieces, entitled 'Join or Die', becomes America's first political cartoon. George Washington kills ten French troops at Fort Duquesne.