by Ida Kar
2 1/4 inch square film negative, 1960
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Artistback to top
- Ida Kar (1908-1974), Photographer. Artist associated with 1539 portraits, Sitter in 136 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Kar photographed Breton at the studio of his Paris apartment, 42 rue Fontaine, near Montmatre, where he lived at the time with his third wife Elisa. Breton moved to this address in 1922 and the flat served as the hub of surrealism. Breton is seen at his writing desk surrounded by the artefacts he collected. On the wall hangs one of his most treasured paintings, Giorgio De Chirico's The Child's Brain (1914) and a portrait by Pablo Picasso.
Placesback to top
- Place made and portrayed: France (sitters' home, 42 rue Fontaine near Montmatre, Paris, France)
Events of 1960back to top
Current affairsPrince Andrew is born, the third child of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Phillip.
The Contraceptive Pill is introduced in England, dramatically changing the nation's approach to sex and relationships, and significantly contributing to the 1960s culture of liberation.
Art and sciencePenguin books defend D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover against charges of obscenity by demonstrating that the novel was of literary merit. The 'not guilty' verdict was seen as a victory for free speech and marked the beginning if a new era of liberalism.
The satirical review Beyond the Fringe launches the careers of Alan Bennett, Peter Cook, Dudley Moore and Jonathan Miller.
InternationalHarold Macmillan delivers his 'wind of change' speech to the South African Parliament in Cape Town, announcing Britain's decision to grant independence to many of her colonies. The speech recognised the emergence of African nationalism, and criticised the policy of Apartheid in South Africa.
- Lunchtime Lecture: The Russian Revolution and British Society
2 November, 13:15
- Lunchtime Lecture: Nicola Hicks: A Life in Mud and Straw
16 November, 13:15