© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Ida Kar Click on the links below to find out more
2 1/4 inch square film negative, 1958
- Ida Kar (1908-1974), Photographer. Artist associated with 1530 portraits, Sitter in 136 portraits.
Kar photographed Maugham at the Dorchester hotel on a visit to London from his home on the French Riviera. His essays on Goethe, Chekhov, Henry James and Katherine Mansfield were published in Points of View in the year this photograph was taken.
Britain's first motorway is built. The Preston bypass (M6) was the first road to be built to official motorway standards, although the M1 (opened in 1959) was the first road to be given official status. The road was opened by the Prime minister, Harold Macmillan, and heralded a new age of mass, high-speed motoring.
Art and science
Michael Bond publishes A Bear Called Paddington
, the first Paddington Bear book. This popular character is remembered for being found at Paddington Station by the Brown family, for wearing a floppy hat, duffle coat and Wellington boots, and for his penchant for marmalade sandwiches.The children's television programme, Blue Peter
, is broadcast for the first time.
Following the USSR's successful launch of the Sputnik 1
satellite in 1957, America launches its own space agency, NASA. Under pressure from the Soviets' early lead, NASA began research into human spaceflight. The competition between the two superpowers to explore outer space, send humans beyond the Earth's orbit and land on the moon was known as the 'space race'.