© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir William Francis Patrick Napier
by William Henry Egleton, published by John Murray, after George Gammon Adams Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1857
9 in. x 6 in. (228 mm x 152 mm) plate size; 17 3/8 in. x 11 5/8 in. (440 mm x 294 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- George Gammon Adams (1821-1898). Artist associated with 22 portraits.
- William Henry Egleton (active 1833-1862), Engraver. Artist associated with 26 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Murray (1809-1898), Photographer and army surgeon. Artist associated with 3 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
Palmerston passes the Matrimonial Causes Act in the face of parliamentary opposition. The act establishes divorce courts, although women, unlike men, are not allowed to sue for divorce on the grounds of adultery. The Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition is held, a follow-up to the Great Exhibition of 1851, although highlighting Britain's private art collections rather than industry and technology. More than 1.3 million people visit the event.
Art and science
Elizabeth Gaskell publishes The Life of Charlotte Brontë
, a year after the author's death. The controversial biography consolidates the myth of the Brontë sisters as isolated geniuses living in remote Yorkshire.Illustrator George Scharf becomes the first Secretary of the National Portrait Gallery, overseeing the collection's growth and its several moves around London before a permanent home is established in 1896, the year after Scharf's death.
The Indian Mutiny takes place following the insensitive response of the British army to complaints by Muslim and Hindu sepoys about using animal grease on their gun cartridges, which results in a horrific and violent uprising. The event precipitated a more involved role by the British government in India, taking over responsibility from the East India company.