© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henrietta ('Harriet') Godolphin (née Churchill), Duchess of Marlborough
by Francis Kyte, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, early 18th century
11 3/4 in. x 9 1/8 in. (298 mm x 233 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Francis Kyte (active 1710-died 1744), Engraver and portrait painter. Artist associated with 33 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1681 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- NPG D5215: Henrietta ('Harriet') Godolphin (née Churchill), Duchess of Marlborough (from same plate)
Clergyman Henry Sacheverell is impeached on account of his sermons in which he attacks the Whig government and the revolution settlement of 1688-9. The trial caused rioting, and revived Jacobites sentiments and resentment against the government. Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, returns to Parliament as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Art and scienceThe Examiner
, a Tory government propaganda journal devised by Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford and Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke, is published. Under its editor, Jonathan Swift, the weekly sheet defended the policies of the new Tory government. The Whigs responded with The Medley
, principally written by Arthur Maynwaring.
Following the victories at the Battles of Almenara and Saragossa in the War of the Spanish Succession, the allied forces experience a set back at the Battle of Brihuega during which, James Stanhope, Earl of Stanhope, Commander in Chief of the British Forces in Spain, is taken prisoner.