© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough
by William Say, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
15 in. x 11 in. (382 mm x 279 mm) plate size; 15 3/8 in. x 11 1/4 in. (390 mm x 286 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- William Say (1768-1834), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 261 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
British Museum opens to the public at Montagu House, based on the collections of the physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane.Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew are created.David Garrick writes Heart of Oak
, the official march of the Royal Navy, to celebrate a year of British victories.
Art and science
First volume of Laurence Sterne's Tristram Shandy
is published. Artist Thomas Gainsborough moves to Bath.A Journey Through Europe; or, A Play of Geography
, the earliest British board game, is produced and sold.Clockmaker John Harrison produces his 'No. 1 sea watch', the first successful marine chronometer.
Seven Years' War: British commander General James Wolfe is victorious at the Battle of Quebec and takes Quebec city, but dies in the engagement. At the Battle of Quiberon Bay, off the coast of Brittany, the British fleet are victorious over the French. Portuguese expel the Jesuits from Brazil, beginning a widespread reaction against the order in Catholic Europe.