© National Portrait Gallery, London
Lady Caroline Spencer (née Russell), Duchess of Marlborough
by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, early 1760s (circa 1759-1762)
13 3/4 in. x 9 7/8 in. (348 mm x 250 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- James Macardell (1727 or 1728-1765), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 291 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- NPG D3678: Lady Caroline Spencer (née Russell), Duchess of Marlborough (from same plate)
- NPG D39945: Lady Caroline Spencer (née Russell), Duchess of Marlborough (from same plate)
Death of George II on 25 October at the age of 76. George III succeeds to the throne at the age of 22.
Art and science
German artist Johan Zoffany arrives in England, where he is instrumental in reviving the 'conversation piece' genre of painting. First public exhibition of paintings in England is held at the Society of Arts' Great Room in the Strand, London. The Public Ledger is founded; the oldest British periodical with continuous daily publication.
Seven Years' War: At the Battle of Carrickfergus in Ireland, a force of French troops captures the town of Carrickfergus before retiring. Surrender of Montreal to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst signals the virtual loss of Canada by the French. British troops oust the Nawab of Bengal Mir Jafar and replace him with Mir Quasim.Former Chief Tacky leads an unsuccessful slave rebellion in Jamaica, which aims to overthrow British rule.