© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Charles Richard Vaughan
by Samuel Cousins, after Sir Thomas Lawrence Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1832 (1820-1825)
17 1/4 in. x 13 in. (437 mm x 331 mm) plate size; 18 7/8 in. x 14 1/4 in. (480 mm x 362 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Samuel Cousins (1801-1887), Engraver. Artist associated with 167 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
William IV agrees to the creation of new peers in order to obtain the passage of the Reform Act, although this proved unnecessary when the Tories withdrew opposition. Male franchise is extended by fifty percent; fifty-six 'rotten boroughs' lose representation and forty-one new constituencies are created. Irish and Scottish Reform Acts are also passed.
Art and science
Mathematician Charles Babbage publishes his best selling Economy of Machinery and Manufactures
. In response to recent outbreaks of machine-breaking and riots, he aimed to reveal the sources of Britain's industrial strength to the urban elite and promote institutional change.Parliament votes funds for National Gallery buildings in Trafalgar Square.
Free land grants end for English settlers in Australia on recommendation of the leading colonisation theorist Edward Wakefield in his Letter from Sydney
.Greek independence recognised by the Treaty of London.