© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir William Vernon; Margareta, Lady Vernon
by and published by John Green Waller, published by and after L.A.B. Waller Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured etching, published 1842
16 1/4 in. x 7 3/4 in. (413 mm x 198 mm) plate size; 18 in. x 9 1/4 in. (458 mm x 236 mm) paper size
- John Green Waller (active 1835-1848), Draughtsman and lithographer. Artist associated with 5 portraits.
- L.A.B. Waller (active 1840s). Artist associated with 5 portraits.
Edwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor
, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues.A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.
Art and science
Mudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor.Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.
Treaty of Nanjing, which allows China to trade with Britain and lends Hong Kong to the British crown for 150 years. In Afghanistan, the Anglo-Afghan war ends as the British abandon Kabul, withdrawing to India and losing most of their garrison force in the operation with only one member, Dr William Brydon, surviving.