© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary Montagu (née Churchill), Duchess of Montagu
by John Simon, published by Thomas Bowles Jr, after Charles D'Agar Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1700-1725
13 3/4 in. x 9 7/8 in. (350 mm x 251 mm) plate size; 14 in. x 10 1/4 in. (356 mm x 259 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Thomas Bowles Jr (1689 or 1690?-1767), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 36 portraits.
- Charles D'Agar (1669-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 18 portraits.
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
- NPG D19841: Mary Montagu (née Churchill), Duchess of Montagu (from same plate)
- NPG D27381: Mary Montagu (née Churchill), Duchess of Montagu (from same plate)
The sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World
premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times. Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
Diplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.