© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir William Purdie Treloar, Bt
published by The Fine Arts Publishing Company, after Philip Tennyson Cole Click on the links below to find out more
photogravure, 1907 (1907)
20 1/2 in. x 13 7/8 in. (522 mm x 353 mm) plate size; 23 3/4 in. x 16 1/4 in. (604 mm x 412 mm) paper size
Robert Baden Powell, a former lieutenant-general in the British Army, forms the Boy Scout Movement after holding a camp on Brownsea Island for a group of twenty-two boys of mixed social background. Baden Powell was inspired after finding that his 1903 military training manual Aids to Scouting
had become a bestseller, and was being used by teachers and youth workers. The Scout movement has become a Worldwide phenomenon, with over 38 million members in 216 countries.
Art and science
The poet, author and critic Edmund Gosse publishes his autobiography Father and Son
, an account of his relationship with his devout Christian father, the zoologist Phillip Gosse. Edmund's detailing of his loss of faith is a reflection on the Victorian age itself. Anna Pavlova first dances The Dying Swan
, choreographed by Michel Fokine to music by Camille Saint-Saens, at a charity performance.
America is gripped by a financial crisis as a collapse of trust companies causes panic amongst shareholders. Aged twenty, the Swiss architect Le Corbusier, one of the most influential figures in twentieth-century architecture, designs his first house at La Chaux-de-Fonds in Switzerland.