© National Portrait Gallery, London
Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland
by Robert Graves, after Christina Robertson (née Saunders) Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1825
10 3/8 in. x 6 1/8 in. (262 mm x 156 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- NPG D39307: Charlotte Florentia Percy (née Clive), Duchess of Northumberland (bound together)
- NPG D39309: Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland (from same plate)
Strikes, contract breaking and worker intimidation prompt the passing of a new Anti-Trade Union Combination Act to the dismay of economist John McCulloch, MP Joseph Hume and radical Francis Place who had worked for the repeal of the previous year. Catholic Relief Bill is rejected by the House of Lords.
Art and science
Construction of Thames Tunnel begins under the direction of Marc Isambard Brunel.Stockton to Darlington Railway, the world's first passenger system, opens.William Hazlitt publishes The Spirit of the Age
; twenty-five pen-portraits of his contemporaries in the world of literature, philosophy and politics.
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony
premieres in London. John Quincy Adams is elected President of the United States.