© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Simon Harcourt, 2nd Earl Harcourt
by and published by Valentine Green, after Daniel Gardner Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 29 June 1772
12 7/8 in. x 8 3/4 in. (327 mm x 223 mm) plate size; 14 3/8 in. x 10 1/4 in. (366 mm x 261 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1952
- Daniel Gardner (circa 1750-1805), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 16 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Valentine Green (1739-1813), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D35319: George Simon Harcourt, 2nd Earl Harcourt (from same plate)
- NPG D35318: George Simon Harcourt, 2nd Earl Harcourt (from same plate)
Somersett's Case: William Murrary, 1st Earl of Mansfield, the Lord Chief Justice, outlaws slavery in England after the case of American slave John Somersett is brought before him.Royal Marriages Act requires the monarch's consent for the marriage of all members of the royal family.
Art and science
Chemist Daniel Rutherford demonstrates his method for isolating nitrogen from other gases.Inventor James Watt produces the first micrometer to simply and accurately measure small distances. It is to prove crucial in the development of early machinery. Britain's first trunk canal, the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal, opens for business.
Swiss pastor Johann Kaspar Lavater's Essays on Physiognomy
revive the study of character through outward appearance. Captain James Cook sets off, aboard HMS Resolution
, on his second Pacific voyage.First partition of Poland marks the start of Poland's disappearance as an independent state.