© National Portrait Gallery, London
Edward John Smith
by Central Press Click on the links below to find out more
bromide print, 1911
8 1/2 in. x 6 5/8 in. (217 mm x 168 mm) overall
Given by Terence Pepper, 2010
Captain Smith is shown here in his dark blue uniform with the Transport Medal, which he was awarded for his service during the Boer War, and the RNR medal for long-service.
Asquith's Liberal government introduces the Parliament Act to curb the powers of the House of Lords following the clash between the Commons and Lords over the 1909 People's Budget. The Act removed the Lords' power to veto bills, reduced the length of Parliament from seven to five years, and provided for the payment of MPs.
Art and science
Ernest Rutherford discovers the structure of the atom. The New Zealand born physicist working in Manchester showed with his Nuclear Model
that electrons orbited a nucleus composed of protons and neutrons. The discovery paved the way for nuclear physics.
The Polish Chemist, Marie Curie, becomes the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for her discovery in 1898 of the radioactive element, Radon.The Mona Lisa is stolen from the Louvre. The masterpiece was missing for two years, during which time suspicion fell on avant-garde poet Guillaume Apollinaire and his friend Pablo Picasso, before Vincenzo Peruggia, an employee of the Louvre, was arrested in Florence.