© National Portrait Gallery, London
Robert Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford
by William Camden Edwards, published by Charles Muskett, after Rosalba Carriera Click on the links below to find out more
etching, mid 19th century (1723)
8 1/2 in. x 6 1/4 in. (217 mm x 158 mm) plate size; 15 in. x 10 7/8 in. (381 mm x 276 mm) paper size
Given by Captain A.C. Moller, 1959
- Rosalba Carriera (1675-1757), Artist. Artist associated with 3 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- William Camden Edwards (1777-1855), Engraver. Artist associated with 46 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Charles Muskett (active 1839-1850), Publisher. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
The Bedchamber crisis strains relations between the government and the monarchy, after Queen Victoria refuses to dismiss her Whig-appointed ladies of the bedchamber at the request of the new, Conservative Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel. Peel resigns and Melbourne returns as Prime Minister. The Grand National is first held at the Aintree race course, won by the horse Lottery, and the first Henley Royal Regatta, the rowing event, is held on the Thames.
Art and science
The French and British scientists Louis Daguerre and William Henry Fox Talbot separately publicise their experiments with the new form of photography. The prolific journalist Harriet Martineau publishes her three decker novel Deerbrook
, the story of middle class country life.
The first Opium War with China is sparked after the British government refuses to try six British soldiers accused of killing a Chinese man protecting a temple from looters. Relations were strained as Britain had promoted the drug opium in China to boost trade. Winning the war, Britain secured vital trading rights. African captives aboard the Spanish ship La Amistad
revolt, resulting in a highly publicised court case.