© National Portrait Gallery, London
Jane Elizabeth (née Scott), Countess of Oxford; Jane Elizabeth Bickersteth (née Harley), Lady Langdale
by William Henderson, after John Hoppner Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, late 19th-early 20th century (1798-1799)
26 1/8 in. x 16 3/8 in. (665 mm x 415 mm) plate size; 27 1/4 in. x 16 7/8 in. (692 mm x 428 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1960
- William Henderson (active late 19th or early 20th century), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- John Hoppner (1758-1810), Painter. Artist associated with 213 portraits, Sitter in 13 portraits.
William Edward Forster's Education Act is passed, making provisions for education for all under-13s. It demonstrated the balance in Gladstone's first ministry between progressive reform and conservativism by spreading literacy, whilst maintaining the status of Church schools. The Married Women's Property Act gives wives rights over their own earnings.
Art and science
The Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's fantasy-overture Romeo and Juliet
, based on Shakespeare's play and written with the aid of composer Mily Balakirev, debuts in Moscow, conducted by Nikolai Rubenstein. W. G. Grace becomes cricket captain of Gloucestershire, marking the start of a successful decade for the club in which they won three 'Champion County' titles.
Isaac Butt, an Irish MP at Westminster, forms the Home Rule Association.The Franco-Prussian war breaks out between France and a coalition of German states led by Prussia. Provoked by the candidacy of German Prince Leopold Hohenzollen-Sigmaringen for the Spanish throne, France declared war in July after Bismark published the deliberately provocative Ems telegraph, in which the French were represented in an offensive light on the issue.