© National Portrait Gallery, London
The youngest children of Christian IX, King of Denmark
by J. Petersen Click on the links below to find out more
albumen carte-de-visite, mid 1860s
3 5/8 in. x 2 3/8 in. (91 mm x 59 mm) image size
Given by A.W. Russell Moller, 1955
- Maria Feodorovna, Empress of Russia (Princess Dagmar) (1847-1928), Wife of Alexander III, Emperor of Russia; daughter of Christian IX, King of Denmark; sister of Queen Alexandra. Sitter in 38 portraits.
- Thyra, Crown Princess of Hanover and Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1853-1933), Wife of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover and 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale; daughter of Christian IX, King of Denmark; sister of Queen Alexandra. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- Prince Waldemar of Denmark (1858-1939), Naval officer; son of Christian IX, King of Denmark; brother of Queen Alexandra. Sitter in 11 portraits.
- Place made: Denmark (Copenhagen, Denmark)
The opening of the world's first underground railway, with the Metropolitan Railway running trains between Bishop's Street, Padington and Farringdon. Work had begun in 1860, using the 'cut-and-cover' method of construction. The Metropolitan line inspired the construction of other underground railways - the Parisian 'Metro' took its name from the line. The Football Association is founded.
Art and science
Julia Margaret Cameron takes up photography, taking portraits of some of the most celebrated figures of the day, with her romantic style capturing the sense of nostalgia and longing that characterised the age. Kingsley's Water Babies; A Fairy Tale for Children
is published, the hugely popular tale of drowned chimney sweep Tom's moral education in the river world of the water babies. It inspired the 1978 film starring James Mason.
At an international conference, the Geneva Public Welfare Society calls on the sixteen nations present to form voluntary units to help the wartime wounded. The society, comprised of five Swiss citizens and led by Henri Dunant, who had been deeply affected by the casualties he had witnessed at the Battle of Solferino, became the National Red Cross Societies, adopting the emblem of a red cross on white background.