John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester
by John Smith, sold by Peter Griffin, after Thomas Hill Click on the links below to find out more
12 7/8 in. x 9 1/8 in. (327 mm x 232 mm) plate size; 13 3/4 in. x 9 3/4 in. (348 mm x 247 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Peter Griffin (active 1738-1748), Map and printseller. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- Thomas Hill (1661-1734), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 29 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D1537: Sir John Crispe, 3rd Bt (from same plate)
- NPG D11650: Sir John Crispe, 3rd Bt (from same plate)
The Act for the Naturalization of Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, following the Act of Settlement, 1701, ensures Sophia and her descendants, if Protestant, would succeed to the throne. The passing of the Alien Act in Parliament deems any Scot in England to be a foreign subject.
Art and science
Astronomer, Edmond Halley, publishes his celebrated work Synopsis astronomia cometicae
. Architect, Sir John Vanbrugh is appointed to design Blenheim Palace, a gift from the queen to John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, in recognition of his victory against the French at Blindheim, Bavaria.
Charles Mordaunt, Earl of Peterborough having recently been appointed admiral alongside Sir Cloudesley Shovell, sails from England to fight a successful, though controversial campaign in Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession.