© National Portrait Gallery, London
Charles Mordaunt, 3rd Earl of Peterborough
by George Noble, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 5 August 1784
11 7/8 in. x 8 1/8 in. (303 mm x 207 mm) plate size; 16 3/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (415 mm x 252 mm) paper size
Given by Alec Tiranti Ltd, 1959
- George Noble (active 1795-1828), Engraver. Artist associated with 11 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1680 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
Theatre proprietor and postal reformer John Palmer runs the first mail coach in England, between Bristol and London. A three day journey is now completed in 16 hours. Commutation Act reduces punitive duties on tea to combat smuggling.
Art and science
Aeronaut James Sadler makes the first hot air balloon flight in Britain, from Oxford to Woodeaton.Chemist Henry Cavendish's paper Experiments on Air
reveals the composition of water.Writer Samuel Johnson dies.Joshua Reynolds succeeds Allan Ramsay as Painter to the King.
Thomas Jefferson's Land Ordinance passed by the United States' Continental Congress, coming into effect the following year. It allows for the sale of land in the largely unmapped west of the country. Britain receives its first bales of cotton from the United States since before the War of American Independence. William Pitt's India Act creates a Board of Control to oversee the affairs of the British East India Company and centralise power.