© National Portrait Gallery, London
by John Dixon, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1770 (1765-1767)
15 1/2 in. x 10 7/8 in. (395 mm x 276 mm) plate size; 16 in. x 11 1/4 in. (406 mm x 285 mm) paper size
- Charles Townshend (1725-1767), Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- John Dixon (circa 1740-1811), Engraver. Artist associated with 47 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton resigns as Prime Minister and is succeeded by Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford.
Art and science
Oliver Goldsmith publishes his poem The Deserted Village
. Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke publishes Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents
discussing the limits of the King's authority. 17-year-old Thomas Chatterton, later hailed as a significant poet, commits suicide in a London garret.Thomas Gainsborough paints his portrait of Jonathan Buttall, which later becomes known as The Blue Boy
'Townshend duties' on imports into the colonies are repealed, except for the duty on tea. However, this concession is soon followed by the Boston Massacre, in which British troops fire into an unruly crowd in Boston, killing five. Captain Cook reaches the eastern coast of Australia, at a place which he names Botany Bay. He discovers the Great Barrier Reef when HMS Endeavour runs onto it. Cook claims New South Wales for the British.