Archibald Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery
by Thomas Fairland, printed by Day & Son, after James Rannie Swinton Click on the links below to find out more
19 1/2 in. x 14 in. (495 mm x 355 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Day & Son (active 1824-1855), Lithographic printers. Artist associated with 38 portraits.
- Thomas Fairland (1804-1852), Lithographer. Artist associated with 29 portraits.
- James Rannie Swinton (1816-1888), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 62 portraits.
The Conservative Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel divides his own party by repealing the unpopular Corn Laws, which prohibited the import of cheap grain from overseas, viewed by many as causing the famines in Ireland (which peaked in this year), as well as domestic hardships following a bad harvest. Peel, defeated on a separate issue, resigns. The Whig Earl Russell becomes Prime Minister.
Art and science
Ether is used for the first time as anaesthetic in an operation by the dentist William Morton, while surgeon John Collins Warren removes a tumor on a patient's neck. Edward Lear, the popular humourist and artist, and author of illustrated nonsense verse (including 'The Owl and the Pussycat'), publishes his Book of Nonsense
The first Anglo-Sikh war ends with the Treaty of Lahore, by which Jammu and Kashmir are ceded to the British. The war had been fought between the Sikh kingdom of the Punjab and the British East India Company, with conflict escalating after internal disorder in the Punjab led the East India Company to increase their military presence on the border.