Sir James Clark Ross
by Augustus Fox, published by T. Fielder, after Henry William Pickersgill Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 9 January 1850
15 3/8 in. x 11 7/8 in. (389 mm x 303 mm) plate size; 17 3/8 in. x 13 7/8 in. (440 mm x 354 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- T. Fielder (active 1850), Publisher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Augustus Fox (active circa 1841-1849), Engraver. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- Henry William Pickersgill (1782-1875), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 108 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- NPG D39881: Sir James Clark Ross (from same plate)
Cardinal Wiseman, a Catholic priest who had exerted a strong influence on the Oxford movement, is made a Cardinal and leader of the Catholic church in England, thus restoring Roman Catholic hierarchy in England.
Art and science
Death of poet laureate William Wordsworth; his great autobiographical poem The Prelude
is published posthumously, famously charting the growth of the poet's mind.Tennyson's In Memoriam
is also published. A poignant record of his grief over the death of his friend Arthur Hallam, the poem also movingly questions the strength of faith in an increasingly scientific age.
Up to 50,000 pioneers travel west in wagons on the Oregon trail in the United States, one of the main overland migration routes across the continent. Spanning over half the continent, the trail led 2,170 miles through territories and land which would later become six US states, including Kansas, Wyoming and Oregon, helping the US to implement its goal of Manifest Destiny - building a nation spanning the North American continent.