© National Portrait Gallery, London
Jeanne Sylvanie Arnould-Plessy
by Richard James Lane, printed by Jérémie Graf, published by John Mitchell, after Alfred Edward Chalon Click on the links below to find out more
lithograph, late 1840s
20 7/8 in. x 14 5/8 in. (531 mm x 370 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Alfred Edward Chalon (1780-1860), Portrait and subject painter. Artist associated with 179 portraits, Sitter associated with 1 portrait.
- Jérémie Graf (active 1837-1842), Lithographic printer. Artist associated with 113 portraits.
- Richard James Lane (1800-1872), Sculptor and lithographer. Artist associated with 1210 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- John Mitchell (active 1832-died 1889), Publisher. Artist associated with 199 portraits.
- NPG D40271: Jeanne Sylvanie Arnould-Plessy (from same stone)
- NPG D40272: Jeanne Sylvanie Arnould-Plessy (from same stone)
- NPG D40274: Jeanne Sylvanie Arnould-Plessy (from same stone)
- Place made: France (33 Old Bond Street, London)
- Place made: France (Boulevard Montmartre, Paris, France)
The 10 Hours Factory Act passed, regulating working hours for women and children under the age of eighteen to effectively a maximum of ten hours a day. The Communist League is founded in London, attended by Friedrich Engels. The League draws up a set of rules and aims, including overthrowing the bourgeoisie and empowering the Proleteriat, and ending class division, forming the basis of Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto
Art and science
A good year for novels: Emily Bronte's passionate, rebellious and gothic Wuthering Heights
is published, followed shortly by her sister Charlotte's 'Jane Eyre
, a story of a governess's struggle for liberty from social and gender constrictions. Drawing on a similar vein of revolution and rebellious women, William Thackeray's satirical novel Vanity Fair
The Don Pacifico affair sparks an international incident, when the Jewish trader's business was burned in an anti-semitic attack in Athens. When the Greek government refused to compensate him, Gibraltar-born Pacifico appealed to the British government. Foreign Minister Palmerston sent a squadron into the Aegean in 1850 to seize goods of the equivalent value, leading to strained relations with Turkey and Russia, and heated debates in Parliament.