© National Portrait Gallery, London
'Scraps in Court, - Tichborne v Lushington'
by Andrew Maclure Click on the links below to find out more
14 1/2 in. x 20 1/8 in. (369 mm x 510 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Andrew Maclure (1812-1885), Lithographer. Artist associated with 7 portraits.
- Francis Joseph Baigent (circa 1831-1918), Antiquarian; witness in the trial of the Tichborne Claimant. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- William Ballantine (1812-1887), Serjeant-at-law. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- Andrew Bogle (active 1873), Servant to Sir Edward Doughty, 9th Bt; witness in the trial of the Tichborne Claimant. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Sir William Bovill (1814-1873), Judge. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Henry Hawkins, Baron Brampton (1817-1907), Judge. Sitter in 36 portraits.
- John Duke Coleridge, 1st Baron Coleridge (1820-1894), Judge. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- William H. Crake (active 1871-1872), Foreman of the jury in 'Tichborne v Lushington'. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Arthur Orton (1834-1898), The Tichborne Claimant. Sitter associated with 21 portraits.
Gladstone's first ministry continues with its programme of reform, with an overhaul of the civil service which is opened to public examination. The University Test Acts allow non-members of the Church of England to hold posts at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. The Trade Union Act granted full legal status to trade union organisations, although the Criminal Law Amendment Act banned picketing. The first FA Cup competition is held.
Art and science
The Penny Farthing, the first efficient bicycle, is invented by British engineer, James Starley.The artist James Whistler paints a portrait of his mother, calling the nearly monochromatic portrait Arrangement in Grey and Black
. Although now one of Whistler's most recognisable paintings, it was nearly rejected by the Royal Academy at first.
France's shock defeat against Prussia radically alters Europe's status quo, leading to the deposition of Napoleon III and the creation of France's Third Republic, as well as Germany's unification and rise in military power and imperialist ambitions, as the Prussian King William I is pronounced Emperor of Germany. Further, Germany's annexing of the French regions Alsace and Lorraine provoked bitter land disputes which contributed to the outbreak of the First World War.