John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

1 portrait of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

by and published by Valentine Green, after Johan Joseph Zoffany
mezzotint, published 30 August 1774
20 in. x 14 in. (507 mm x 356 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1964
Reference Collection
NPG D40059


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Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Valentine Green (1739-1813), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
  • Johan Joseph Zoffany (1733-1810), Painter of portraits and conversation pieces. Artist associated with 46 portraits, Sitter associated with 11 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D4160: John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (from same plate)
  • NPG D40545: John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (from same plate)

Placesback to top

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Events of 1774back to top

Current affairs

Philanthropist and reformer John Howard is called before the House of Commons Select Committee to give evidence on the shocking conditions in prisons across the country. Young Tahitian Omai arrives in England after making contact with Captain James Cook on his second voyage. He is introduced into London Society by Joseph Banks and is much admired. Coercive or 'Intolerable' Acts are passed in response to the crisis in the American colonies.

Art and science

Philosopher and chemist Joseph Priestley isolates oxygen in the form of a gas. Artist Thomas Gainsborough moves from Bath to set up a studio in London. Royal Crescent, Bath, designed by John Wood the Younger, is completed. Methodist preacher John Wesley publishes his pamphlet Thoughts Upon Slavery which argues against slavery.

International

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes his romantic novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther, bringing him an immediate European reputation. In retaliation for the Boston Tea Party, the port of Boston is closed under the first of the British government's Coercive Acts. Delegates from twelve American colonies meet in Philadelphia and agree not to import any goods from Britain. Death of Louis XV of France. Louis XVI succeeds.

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