© National Portrait Gallery, London
Elizabeth Godden (née Houghton), Lady Taylor
by James Scott, after John Hoppner Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1850s-1880s (circa 1780)
9 in. x 7 in. (228 mm x 177 mm) plate size; 20 in. x 13 3/4 in. (508 mm x 350 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Hoppner (1758-1810), Painter. Artist associated with 214 portraits, Sitter in 13 portraits.
- James Scott (circa 1809-circa 1889), Engraver. Artist associated with 132 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D4353: Elizabeth Godden (née Houghton), Lady Taylor (from same plate)
Cardinal Wiseman, a Catholic priest who had exerted a strong influence on the Oxford movement, is made a Cardinal and leader of the Catholic church in England, thus restoring Roman Catholic hierarchy in England.
Art and science
Death of poet laureate William Wordsworth; his great autobiographical poem The Prelude
is published posthumously, famously charting the growth of the poet's mind.Tennyson's In Memoriam
is also published. A poignant record of his grief over the death of his friend Arthur Hallam, the poem also movingly questions the strength of faith in an increasingly scientific age.
Up to 50,000 pioneers travel west in wagons on the Oregon trail in the United States, one of the main overland migration routes across the continent. Spanning over half the continent, the trail led 2,170 miles through territories and land which would later become six US states, including Kansas, Wyoming and Oregon, helping the US to implement its goal of Manifest Destiny - building a nation spanning the North American continent.