© National Portrait Gallery, London
by W. Nicholls, published by Hassell & Co, after John Raphael Smith Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1813
8 5/8 in. x 5 3/4 in. (218 mm x 147 mm) plate size; 11 3/8 in. x 8 1/2 in. (288 mm x 217 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Whitin Fund, 1955
- William Austin (1802-1857), Adopted son of Queen Caroline. Sitter associated with 8 portraits.
- Hassell & Co (active 1813), Publishers. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- W. Nicholls (active 1808-1813), Engraver. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- John Raphael Smith (1752-1812), Portrait painter, engraver and pastellist. Artist associated with 185 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Machine breaking Luddite Riots end with seventeen executions in York. Radical John Cartwright's subsequent tour of the manufacturing districts has some success in quelling Luddite discontent with the foundation of the Hampden reform club network across the country. East India Company is deprived of monopoly over trade with India.
Art and science
Millenarian prophet Joanna Southcott, made famous by her visions of the second coming of Christ, announces herself 'with child' by the Holy Ghost.Jane Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice
Victorious Battle of St Pierre near Bayonne led by General Rowland Hill. Battle of Leipzig ends in defeat for Napoleon. Wellington's victory at Vittoria leads to British invasion of Southern France.Americans capture and burn Toronto, defeat British in Battle of Lake Erie and recapture Detroit.