© National Portrait Gallery, London
Anne of Cleves
by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Hans Holbein the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1740
14 7/8 in. x 9 1/8 in. (378 mm x 232 mm) plate size; 17 in. x 10 5/8 in. (432 mm x 269 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Anne of Cleves (1515-1557), Fourth Queen of Henry VIII. Sitter associated with 12 portraits.
- Hans Holbein the Younger (1497 or 1498-1543). Artist associated with 314 portraits, Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
- Jacobus Houbraken (1698-1780), Engraver. Artist associated with 435 portraits.
- John & Paul Knapton (active 1735-1789), Booksellers and publishers. Artist associated with 290 portraits.
The song Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne is performed for the first time at Cliveden, the country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales.A now discredited account by antiquarian William Stukely asserts that Stonehenge was built by druids.
Art and science
Samuel Richardson publishes the first two volumes of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded
, the best-selling novel of the period.Artists Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough both arrive in London. Reynolds is apprenticed to the leading portrait-painter Thomas Hudson, while Gainsborough begins his artistic training with the French engraver and illustrator Hubert-Francois Gravelot.
Death of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the succession of his eldest daughter Maria Térèsa heralds the start of the War of the Austrian Succession. Britain, already fighting Spain (in the War of Jenkin's Ear), is drawn into the wider conflict as an ally of Austria until 1748.Frederick II becomes King of Prussia.Pope Benedict XIV succeeds Pope Clement XII as the 247th pope.