Anne of Cleves
9 of 12 portraits of Anne of Cleves
Anne of Cleves
by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, 1740
14 7/8 in. x 9 1/8 in. (378 mm x 232 mm) plate size; 17 in. x 10 5/8 in. (432 mm x 269 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
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Sitterback to top
- Anne of Cleves (1515-1557), Fourth Queen of Henry VIII. Sitter associated with 12 portraits.
Artistsback to top
- Hans Holbein the Younger (1497 or 1498-1543). Artist associated with 315 portraits, Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
- Jacobus Houbraken (1698-1780), Engraver. Artist associated with 435 portraits.
- John & Paul Knapton (active 1735-1789), Booksellers and publishers. Artist associated with 290 portraits.
Related worksback to top
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1740back to top
Current affairsThe song Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne is performed for the first time at Cliveden, the country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales.
A now discredited account by antiquarian William Stukely asserts that Stonehenge was built by druids.
Art and scienceSamuel Richardson publishes the first two volumes of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, the best-selling novel of the period.
Artists Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough both arrive in London. Reynolds is apprenticed to the leading portrait-painter Thomas Hudson, while Gainsborough begins his artistic training with the French engraver and illustrator Hubert-Francois Gravelot.
InternationalDeath of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the succession of his eldest daughter Maria Térèsa heralds the start of the War of the Austrian Succession. Britain, already fighting Spain (in the War of Jenkin's Ear), is drawn into the wider conflict as an ally of Austria until 1748.
Frederick II becomes King of Prussia.
Pope Benedict XIV succeeds Pope Clement XII as the 247th pope.