Queen Mary II
1 portrait of Queen Mary II
Queen Mary II
by Nicolas de Larmessin, published by Pierre Bertrand, after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving, 1681
9 1/8 in. x 6 5/8 in. (232 mm x 169 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1957
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Sitterback to top
- Queen Mary II (1662-1694), Reigned with William III 1689-94. Sitter associated with 93 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Events of 1681back to top
Current affairsThird Exclusion Parliament meets in Oxford avoiding disruption in Whig-dominated London. Charles II refuses Exclusionists's proposal that James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, his illegitimate son with Lucy Walter, should succeed to the throne, replacing James, Duke of York. Prominent Exclusionist, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, is arrested on suspicion of high treason.
Art and scienceNatural philosopher, Samuel Morland is appointed 'Master of Mechanicks' to the king having transformed Windsor Castle's water system. Architect, Christopher Wren, is commissioned to design the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.Poet laureate, John Dryden, writes political satire Absalom and Achitophel, focusing upon the trial of Anthony Ashley-Cooper.
InternationalKing of France, Louis XIV, concerned by England's instability over the exclusion crisis, offers Charles II a subsidy, bolstering the king in his dealings with Parliament. In return, England agrees to withdraw from entering an anti-French alliance with Spain; Laurence Hyde, Lord of the Treasury, signs the accord with France.