© National Portrait Gallery, London
Queen Mary II
by Nicolas de Larmessin, published by Pierre Bertrand, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1681
9 1/8 in. x 6 5/8 in. (232 mm x 169 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1957
- Queen Mary II (1662-1694), Reigned with William III 1689-94. Sitter associated with 94 portraits.
- Pierre Bertrand (circa 1600-circa 1678), Publisher. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- Nicolas de Larmessin (circa 1638-1694), Engraver. Artist associated with 28 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Place made: France (Pome d'Or, rue Saint-Jacques, Paris, France)
Third Exclusion Parliament meets in Oxford avoiding disruption in Whig-dominated London. Charles II refuses Exclusionists's proposal that James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, his illegitimate son with Lucy Walter, should succeed to the throne, replacing James, Duke of York. Prominent Exclusionist, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, is arrested on suspicion of high treason.
Art and science
Natural philosopher, Samuel Morland is appointed 'Master of Mechanicks' to the king having transformed Windsor Castle's water system. Architect, Christopher Wren, is commissioned to design the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.Poet laureate, John Dryden, writes political satire Absalom and Achitophel
, focusing upon the trial of Anthony Ashley-Cooper.
King of France, Louis XIV, concerned by England's instability over the exclusion crisis, offers Charles II a subsidy, bolstering the king in his dealings with Parliament. In return, England agrees to withdraw from entering an anti-French alliance with Spain; Laurence Hyde, Lord of the Treasury, signs the accord with France.